International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction

Published by: Kowsar

Determinants of Risky Behaviors in Youth: A Gender-Based Study

Mina Mahdavian 1 and Farzaneh Zolala 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran
2 Regional Knowledge Hub, and WHO Collaborating Centre for HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction: March 2017, 6 (1); e23604
  • Published Online: September 28, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 14, 2014
  • Revised: August 21, 2015
  • Accepted: January 2, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijhrba.23604

To Cite: Mahdavian M, Zolala F. Determinants of Risky Behaviors in Youth: A Gender-Based Study, Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2017 ; 6(1):e23604. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.23604.

Copyright © 2016, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Abu-Raddad L, Akala FA, Semini I, Riedner G, Wilson D, Tawil O. Characterizing the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa. 2010;
  • 2. Jodati AR, Shakurie SK, Nazari M, Raufie MB. Students' attitudes and practices towards drug and alcohol use at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. East Mediterr Health J. 2007; 13(4): 967-71[PubMed]
  • 3. Ghanizadeh A. Shiraz University students' attitude towards drugs: an exploratory study. East Mediterr Health J. 2001; 7(3): 452-60[PubMed]
  • 4. Ahmadi J, Maharlooy N, Alishahi M. Substance abuse: prevalence in a sample of nursing students. J Clin Nurs. 2004; 13(1): 60-4[PubMed]
  • 5. Sheikhzadeh K, Baneshi MR, Afshari M, Haghdoost AA. Comparing direct, network scale-up, and proxy respondent methods in estimating risky behaviors among collegians. J Substance Use. 2016; 21(1): 9-13
  • 6. Silveira CM, Siu ER, Wang YP, Viana MC, Andrade AG, Andrade LH. Gender differences in drinking patterns and alcohol-related problems in a community sample in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2012; 67(3): 205-12[PubMed]
  • 7. Andrade A, Duarte P, Barroso LP, Nishimura R, Alberghini DG, Oliveira L. Use of alcohol and other drugs among Brazilian college students: effects of gender and age. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. 2012; 34(3): 294-305
  • 8. Vogel DL, Wester SR, Heesacker M, Madon S. Confirming gender stereotypes: A social role perspective. Sex Roles. 2003; 48(11-12): 519-28
  • 9. Klessig J. The effect of values and culture on life-support decisions. West J Med. 1992; 157(3): 316-22[PubMed]
  • 10. Chang M. Cultural differences in parenting styles and their effects on teens' self-esteem, perceived parental relationship satisfaction, and self-satisfaction . 2007;
  • 11. Booth AL, Nolen P. Gender differences in risk behaviour: Does nurture matter? Econ J. 2012; 122(558)-78
  • 12. Foster SE, Jones DJ, Olson AL, Forehand R, Gaffney CA, Zens MS, et al. Family socialization of adolescent's self-reported cigarette use: the role of parents' history of regular smoking and parenting style. J Pediatr Psychol. 2007; 32(4): 481-93[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Baumrind D. The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. J Early Adolescence. 1991; 11(1): 56-95
  • 14. Wiatrowski MD, Griswold DB, Roberts MK. Social control theory and delinquency. Am Sociol Rev. 1981; : 525-41
  • 15. Mancini JA, Huebner AJ. Adolescent risk behavior patterns: Effects of structured time-use, interpersonal connections, self-system characteristics, and socio-demographic influences. Child Adolescent Soc Work J. 2004; 21(6): 647-68
  • 16. Bourdieu P. Distinction: A social critique of the judgement of taste. 1984;
  • 17. Shalchi V. Coffee Shop Youth Lifestyle. Iran J Cultur Res. 2008; 1(1): 93-115
  • 18. Shearer CL, Hosterman SJ, Gillen MM, Lefkowitz ES. Are traditional gender role attitudes associated with risky sexual behavior and condom-related beliefs? Sex Roles. 2005; 52(5-6): 311-24
  • 19. Dornbusch SM, Ritter PL, Leiderman PH, Roberts DF, Fraleigh MJ. The relation of parenting style to adolescent school performance. Child Dev. 1987; 58(5): 1244-57[PubMed]
  • 20. Harris-McKoy D, Cui M. Parental control, adolescent delinquency, and young adult criminal behavior. J Child Fam Stud. 2013; 22(6): 836-43
  • 21. Okorodudu GN. Influence of parenting styles on adolescent delinquency in delta central senatorial district. Edo Journal of Counselling. 2010; 3(1): 58-86
  • 22. Ang RP, Goh DH. Authoritarian Parenting Style in Asian Societies: A Cluster-Analytic Investigation*. Contemp Fam Ther. 2006; 28(1): 131-51
  • 23. Lin N. Foundations of Social Researh . 1978;
  • 24. Patock-Peckham JA, King KM, Morgan-Lopez AA, Ulloa EC, Filson Moses JM. Gender-Specific Mediational Links Between Parenting Styles, Parental Monitoring, Impulsiveness, Drinking Control, and Alcohol-Related Problems*. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2011; 72(2): 247-58
  • 25. Barnes GM, Reifman AS, Farrell MP, Dintcheff BA. The effects of parenting on the development of adolescent alcohol misuse: a Six‐Wave latent growth model. J Marriage Fam. 2000; 62(1): 175-86
  • 26. Han WJ, Waldfogel J. Parental work schedules, family process, and early adolescents' risky behavior. Child Youth Serv Rev. 2007; 29(9): 1249-66
  • 27. Bartkowski JP, Xu X. Religiosity and teen drug use reconsidered: a social capital perspective. Am J Prev Med. 2007; 32(6 Suppl)-94[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Lundborg P. Social capital and substance use among Swedish adolescents--an explorative study. Soc Sci Med. 2005; 61(6): 1151-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Hair EC, Park MJ, Ling TJ, Moore KA. Risky behaviors in late adolescence: co-occurrence, predictors, and consequences. J Adolesc Health. 2009; 45(3): 253-61[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Santor DA, Messervey D, Kusumakar V. Measuring peer pressure, popularity, and conformity in adolescent boys and girls: Predicting school performance, sexual attitudes, and substance abuse. J Youth Adolescence. 2000; 29(2): 163-82
  • 31. Simons-Morton B, Haynie DL, Crump AD, Eitel SP, Saylor KE. Peer and parent influences on smoking and drinking among early adolescents. Health Educ Behav. 2001; 28(1): 95-107[PubMed]
  • 32. Kiuru N, Burk WJ, Laursen B, Salmela-Aro K, Nurmi JE. Pressure to drink but not to smoke: disentangling selection and socialization in adolescent peer networks and peer groups. J Adolesc. 2010; 33(6): 801-12[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments