Dietary Supplement Use in Sport Gyms in Lebanon: Are They Necessary and are There Side-Effects?

Authors Information
Article Notes and Dates
To Cite : Salami A, Ghaddar A, Aboumrad E, Joumaa W H. Dietary Supplement Use in Sport Gyms in Lebanon: Are They Necessary and are There Side-Effects?, Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2017 ;6(1):e33318. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.33318.
Abstract
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnote
References
  • 1. Goston JL, Correia MI. Intake of nutritional supplements among people exercising in gyms and influencing factors. Nutrition. 2010; 26(6): 604-11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Morrison LJ, Gizis F, Shorter B. Prevalent use of dietary supplements among people who exercise at a commercial gym. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2004; 14(4): 481-92[PubMed]
  • 3. El Khoury D, Antoine-Jonville S. Intake of Nutritional Supplements among People Exercising in Gyms in Beirut City. J Nutr Metab. 2012; 2012: 703490[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Nieper A. Nutritional supplement practices in UK junior national track and field athletes. Br J Sports Med. 2005; 39(9): 645-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Krumbach CJ, Ellis DR, Driskell JA. A report of vitamin and mineral supplement use among university athletes in a division I institution. Int J Sport Nutr. 1999; 9(4): 416-25[PubMed]
  • 6. Kristiansen M. Dietary supplement use by varsity athletes attending a Western Canadian university. 2004;
  • 7. Lawrence ME, Kirby DF. Nutrition and sports supplements: fact or fiction. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2002; 35(4): 299-306[PubMed]
  • 8. Pontes Tde C, Fernandes Filho GM, Trindade Ade S, Sobral Filho JF. Incidence of acne vulgaris in young adult users of protein-calorie supplements in the city of Joao Pessoa--PB. An Bras Dermatol. 2013; 88(6): 907-12[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Juhn MS. Popular sports supplements and ergogenic aids. Sports Med. 2003; 33(12): 921-39
  • 10. Burns RD, Schiller MR, Merrick MA, Wolf KN. Intercollegiate student athlete use of nutritional supplements and the role of athletic trainers and dietitians in nutrition counseling. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004; 104(2): 246-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Torres-McGehee TM, Pritchett KL, Zippel D, Minton DM, Cellamare A, Sibilia M. Sports nutrition knowledge among collegiate athletes, coaches, athletic trainers, and strength and conditioning specialists. J Athl Train. 2012; 47(2): 205-11[PubMed]
  • 12. Rutishauser IHE. Dietary intake measurements. Public Health Nutr. 2005; 8(7a): 1100-7
  • 13. Dietitians of Canada, and American College of Sports Medicine (2000). Nutrition and athletic performance. 2000;
  • 14. Burke L, Deakin V. Clinical sports nutrition. 1994;
  • 15. Tian HH, Ong WS, Tan CL. Nutritional supplement use among university athletes in Singapore. Singapore Med J. 2009; 50(2): 165-72[PubMed]
  • 16. Momaya A, Fawal M, Estes R. Performance-enhancing substances in sports: a review of the literature. Sports Med. 2015; 45(4): 517-31[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Duellman MC, Lukaszuk JM, Prawitz AD, Brandenburg JP. Protein supplement users among high school athletes have misconceptions about effectiveness. J Strength Cond Res. 2008; 22(4): 1124-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Campbell B, Kreider RB, Ziegenfuss T, La Bounty P, Roberts M, Burke D, et al. International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: protein and exercise. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2007; 4: 8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Tarnopolsky M. Clinical Sports Nutrition. 2006; : 73-111
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiaion Alert via Google Reader

Cited By:

International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction accepts terms & conditions of:

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Citedby Linking DOI enabled Crossref iThenticate COPE Cross Check