International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction

Published by: Kowsar

Early Maladaptive Schemas in Development of Addictive Disorders as Parts of the Complex Addiction Jigsaw

Mark D Griffiths 1 , *
Author Information
1 International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Division, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK
Article information
  • International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction: September 01, 2014, 3 (3); e16746
  • Published Online: July 21, 2014
  • Article Type: Letter
  • Received: December 10, 2013
  • Revised: February 21, 2014
  • Accepted: February 24, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijhrba.16746

To Cite: Griffiths M D. Early Maladaptive Schemas in Development of Addictive Disorders as Parts of the Complex Addiction Jigsaw, Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2014 ; 3(3):e16746. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.16746.

Copyright © 2014, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1. Griffiths MD, Larkin M. Editorial conceptualizing addiction: the case for a “complex systems” account. Addict Res Theory. 2004; 12(2): 99-102
  • 2. Griffiths MD. A'components' model of addiction within a biopsychosocial framework. J Substance Use. 2005; 10(4): 191-7
  • 3. Parke J, Griffiths MD. The psychology of the fruit machine: The role of structural characteristics (revisited). Int J Ment Health Addict. 2006; 4(2): 151-79
  • 4. Bakhshi Bojed F, Nikmanesh Z. Role of early maladaptive schemas on addiction potential in youth. Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2013; 2(2): 72-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Ball SA, Cecero JJ. Addicted patients with personality disorders: traits, schemas, and presenting problems. J Pers Disord. 2001; 15(1): 72-83[PubMed]
  • 6. Brotchie J, Meyer C, Copello A, Kidney R, Waller G. Cognitive representations in alcohol and opiate abuse: the role of core beliefs. Br J Clin Psychol. 2004; 43: 337-42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Burglass ME, Shaffer H. Diagnosis in the addictions I: Conceptual problems. Adv Alcohol Subst Abuse. 1983; 3(1-2): 19-34[PubMed]
  • 8. Larkin M, Wood RTA, Griffiths MD. Towards addiction as relationship. Addict Res Theory. 2006; 14(3): 207-15
  • 9. Wakefield M, Flay B, Nichter M, Giovino G. Role of the media in influencing trajectories of youth smoking. Addiction. 2003; 98: 79-103[PubMed]
  • 10. Wood RT, Griffiths MD. Adolescent lottery and scratchcard players: do their attitudes influence their gambling behaviour? J Adolesc. 2004; 27(4): 467-75[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Demetrovics Z, Griffiths MD. Behavioral addictions: Past, present and future. J Behav Addict. 2012; 1(1): 1-2
  • 12. Larkin M, Griffiths MD. Response to Shaffer (1996): The Case for a 'Complex Systems' Conceptualisation of Addiction. J Gambl Stud. 1998; 14(1): 73-82[PubMed]
  • 13. Davies JB. The myth of addiction: an application of the psychological theory of attribution to illicit drug use 1992;
  • 14. Zinberg NE. Drug, set, and setting: The basis for controlled intoxicant use 1984;
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments