International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction

Published by: Kowsar

Impulsivity: A Predisposition Toward Risky Behaviors

Nour-Mohammad Bakhshani 1 , *
Author Information
1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Children and Adolescent Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction: June 01, 2014, 3 (2); e20428
  • Published Online: June 1, 2014
  • Article Type: Editorial
  • Received: May 31, 2014
  • Revised: May 31, 2014
  • Accepted: May 31, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijhrba.20428

To Cite: Bakhshani N. Impulsivity: A Predisposition Toward Risky Behaviors, Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2014 ; 3(2):e20428. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.20428.

Copyright © 2014, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1. Moeller FG, Barratt ES, Dougherty DM, Schmitz JM, Swann AC. Psychiatric aspects of impulsivity. Am J Psychiatry. 2001; 158(11): 1783-93[PubMed]
  • 2. Eysenck S. Development of a measure of impulsivity and its relationship to thesuperfactors of personality. 1993; : 141-9
  • 3. Dickman SJ. Functional and dysfunctional impulsivity: personality and cognitive correlates. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1990; 58(1): 95-102[PubMed]
  • 4. Dickman S. Impulsivityand information processing. 1993; : 151-84
  • 5. Barratt E. Impulsiveness andaggression. 1994; : 61-79
  • 6. Nigg JT, Silk KR, Stavro G, Miller T. Disinhibition and borderline personality disorder. Dev Psychopathol. 2005; 17(4): 1129-49[PubMed]
  • 7. Patton JH, Stanford MS, Barratt ES. Factor structure of the Barratt impulsiveness scale. J Clin Psychol. 1995; 51(6): 768-74[PubMed]
  • 8. Chamberlain SR, Sahakian BJ. The neuropsychiatry of impulsivity. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2007; 20(3): 255-61[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Chudasama Y. Animal models of prefrontal-executive function. Behav Neurosci. 2011; 125(3): 327-43[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. L’Abate L. A family theory of impulsivity, in the impulsive client. 1993; : 93-117
  • 11. Kagan J. Galen’s prophecy: temperament in human nature. 1994;
  • 12. Evenden JL. Varieties of impulsivity. Psychopharmacol. 1999; 146(4): 348-61[PubMed]
  • 13. Monterosso J, Ainslie G. Beyond discounting: possible experimental models of impulse control. Psychopharmacol. 1999; 146(4): 339-47[PubMed]
  • 14. Ainslie G. Specious reward: a behavioral theory of impulsiveness and impulse control. Psychol Bull. 1975; 82(4): 463-96[PubMed]
  • 15. Ho MY, Al-Zahrani SS, Al-Ruwaitea AS, Bradshaw CM, Szabadi E. 5-hydroxytryptamine and impulse control: prospects for a behavioural analysis. J Psychopharmacol. 1998; 12(1): 68-78[PubMed]
  • 16. Horn NR, Dolan M, Elliott R, Deakin JF, Woodruff PW. Response inhibition and impulsivity: an fMRI study. Neuropsychologia. 2003; 41(14): 1959-66[PubMed]
  • 17. Holmes J, Hever T, Hewitt L, Ball C, Taylor E, Rubia K, et al. A pilot twin study of psychological measures of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Behav Genet. 2002; 32(6): 389-95[PubMed]
  • 18. Avila C, Cuenca I, Felix V, Parcet MA, Miranda A. Measuring impulsivity in school-aged boys and examining its relationship with ADHD and ODD ratings. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2004; 32(3): 295-304[PubMed]
  • 19. Bechara A, Damasio H, Damasio AR. Emotion, decision making and the orbitofrontal cortex. Cereb Cortex. 2000; 10(3): 295-307[PubMed]
  • 20. Brunner D, Hen R. Insights into the neurobiology of impulsive behavior from serotonin receptor knockout mice. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1997; 836: 81-105[PubMed]
  • 21. Bechara A, Damasio AR, Damasio H, Anderson SW. Insensitivity to future consequences following damage to human prefrontal cortex. Cognition. 1994; 50(1): 7-15
  • 22. Bechara A. The neurology of social cognition. Brain. 2002; 125(8): 1673-5
  • 23. Arce E, Santisteban C. Impulsivity: a review. Psicothema. 2006; 18(2): 213-20[PubMed]
  • 24. Barkley RA. Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Psychol Bull. 1997; 121(1): 65-94[PubMed]
  • 25. López-Villalobos JA, Serrano Pintado I, Delgado Sánchez-Mateos J. Trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad: comorbilidad con trastornos depresivos y de ansiedad. Psicothema. 2004; 16(3): 402-7
  • 26. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 2013;
  • 27. Linnoila M, Virkkunen M, Scheinin M, Nuutila A, Rimon R, Goodwin FK. Low cerebrospinal fluid 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid concentration differentiates impulsive from nonimpulsive violent behavior. Life Sci. 1983; 33(26): 2609-14[PubMed]
  • 28. Coccaro EF, Siever LJ, Klar HM, Maurer G, Cochrane K, Cooper TB, et al. Serotonergic studies in patients with affective and personality disorders. Correlates with suicidal and impulsive aggressive behavior. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1989; 46(7): 587-99[PubMed]
  • 29. Soloff PH, Lynch KG, Kelly TM, Malone KM, Mann JJ. Characteristics of suicide attempts of patients with major depressive episode and borderline personality disorder: a comparative study. Am J Psychiatry. 2000; 157(4): 601-8[PubMed]
  • 30. Soloff PH, Lis JA, Kelly T, Cornelius J, Ulrich R. Risk factors for suicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1994; 151(9): 1316-23[PubMed]
  • 31. McCown WG. Multi-impulsive personality disorder and multiple substance abuse: evidence from members of self-help groups. Br J Addict. 1988; 83(4): 431-2[PubMed]
  • 32. O'Boyle M, Barratt ES. Impulsivity and DSM-III-R personality disorders. Pers Individ Dif. 1993; 14(4): 609-11
  • 33. Kirby KN, Petry NM, Bickel WK. Heroin addicts have higher discount rates for delayed rewards than non-drug-using controls. J Exp Psychol Gen. 1999; 128(1): 78-87[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments