International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction

Published by: Kowsar

Personal Fable: Optimistic Bias in Cigarette Smokers

Marianna Masiero 1 , 2 , * , Claudio Lucchiari 1 , 2 and Gabriella Pravettoni 1 , 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Health Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
2 Applied Research Unit for Cognitive and Psychological Science, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy
Article information
  • International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction: March 01, 2015, 4 (1); e20939
  • Published Online: March 20, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: June 3, 2014
  • Revised: September 8, 2014
  • Accepted: September 15, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijhrba.20939

To Cite: Masiero M, Lucchiari C, Pravettoni G. Personal Fable: Optimistic Bias in Cigarette Smokers, Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2015 ;4(1):e20939. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.20939.

Abstract
Copyright © 2015, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Footnote
References
  • 1. Weinstein ND, Klein WM. Resistance of personal risk perceptions to debiasing interventions. Health Psychol. 1995; 14(2): 132-40[PubMed]
  • 2. Magnan RE, Koblitz AR, Zielke DJ, McCaul KD. The effects of warning smokers on perceived risk, worry, and motivation to quit. Ann Behav Med. 2009; 37(1): 46-57[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Balevich EC, Wein ND, Flory JD. Cigarette smoking and measures of impulsivity in a college sample. Subst Abus. 2013; 34(3): 256-62[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Viscusi WK. Smoking: Making the Risky Decision. 1992;
  • 5. Slovic P. Smoking. Risk, Perception & Policy. 2001; [DOI]
  • 6. Slovic P, Finucane ML, Peters E, MacGregor DG. The affect heuristic. Eur J Oper Res . 2007; 177(3): 1333-52[DOI]
  • 7. Loewenstein GF, Weber EU, Hsee CK, Welch N. Risk as feelings. Psychol Bull. 2001; 127(2): 267-86[PubMed]
  • 8. Tyc VL, Hadley W, Allen D, Varnell S, Ey S, Rai SN, et al. Predictors of smoking intentions and smoking status among nonsmoking and smoking adolescents. Addict Behav. 2004; 29(6): 1143-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. McKee SA, O'Malley SS, Salovey P, Krishnan-Sarin S, Mazure CM. Perceived risks and benefits of smoking cessation: gender-specific predictors of motivation and treatment outcome. Addict Behav. 2005; 30(3): 423-35[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Schnoll RA, Rothman RL, Newman H, Lerman C, Miller SM, Movsas B, et al. Characteristics of cancer patients entering a smoking cessation program and correlates of quit motivation: implications for the development of tobacco control programs for cancer patients. Psychooncology. 2004; 13(5): 346-58[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Hay JL, Ostroff J, Burkhalter J, Li Y, Quiles Z, Moadel A. Changes in cancer-related risk perception and smoking across time in newly-diagnosed cancer patients. J Behav Med. 2007; 30(2): 131-42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Arnett JJ. Optimistic bias in adolescent and adult smokers and nonsmokers. Addict Behav. 2000; 25(4): 625-32[PubMed]
  • 13. Branstrom R, Kristjansson S, Ullen H. Risk perception, optimistic bias, and readiness to change sun related behaviour. Eur J Public Health. 2006; 16(5): 492-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Weinstein ND, Marcus SE, Moser RP. Smokers' unrealistic optimism about their risk. Tob Control. 2005; 14(1): 55-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Weinstein ND, Klotz ML, Sandman PM. Optimistic biases in public perceptions of the risk from radon. Am J Public Health. 1988; 78(7): 796-800[PubMed]
  • 16. Klein CTF, Helweg-Larsen M. Perceived Control and the Optimistic Bias: A Meta-Analytic Review. Psychol Health. 2002; 17(4): 437-46[DOI]
  • 17. Ruthig JC, Haynes TL, Perry RP, Chipperfield JG. Academic optimistic bias: Implications for college student performance and well-being. Soc Psychol Educ. 2007; 10(1): 115-37[DOI]
  • 18. Brown SL, Morley AM. Risk perception, fuzzy representations and comparative optimism. Br J Psychol. 2007; 98: 575-87[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Luo J, Isaacowitz DM. How optimists face skin cancer information: Risk assessment, attention, memory, and behavior. Psychol Health. 2007; 22(8): 963-84
  • 20. Petri H, Maldonato D, Robinson NJ. Data-driven identification of co-morbidities associated with rheumatoid arthritis in a large US health plan claims database. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010; 11: 247[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Hoorens V, Buunk BP. Social Comparison of Health Risks: Locus of Control, the Person-Positivity Bias, and Unrealistic Optimism1. J Appl Soc Psychol. 1993; 23(4): 291-302[DOI]
  • 22. Otten W, Van Der Pligt J. Context effects in the measurement of comparative optimism in probability judgments. J Soc Clin Psychol. 1996; 15(1): 80-101
  • 23. Weinstein ND. Unrealistic optimism about future life events. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1980; 39(5): 806-20[DOI]
  • 24. Weinstein ND. Why it won't happen to me: perceptions of risk factors and susceptibility. Health Psychol. 1984; 3(5): 431-57[PubMed]
  • 25. Leventhal H, Glynn K, Fleming R. Is the smoking decision an 'informed choice'? Effect of smoking risk factors on smoking beliefs. JAMA. 1987; 257(24): 3373-6[PubMed]
  • 26. Heatherton TF, Kozlowski LT, Frecker RC, Fagerstrom KO. The Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence: a revision of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire. Br J Addict. 1991; 86(9): 1119-27[PubMed]
  • 27. Marino LL. L'epidemia di fumo in Italia. 2000;
  • 28. Borrelli B, Hayes RB, Dunsiger S, Fava JL. Risk perception and smoking behavior in medically ill smokers: a prospective study. Addiction. 2010; 105(6): 1100-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Oncken C, McKee S, Krishnan-Sarin S, O'Malley S, Mazure CM. Knowledge and perceived risk of smoking-related conditions: a survey of cigarette smokers. Prev Med. 2005; 40(6): 779-84[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Ayanian JZ, Cleary PD. Perceived risks of heart disease and cancer among cigarette smokers. JAMA. 1999; 281(11): 1019-21[PubMed]
  • 31. Strecher VJ, Kreuter MW, Kobrin SC. Do cigarette smokers have unrealistic perceptions of their heart attack, cancer, and stroke risks? J Behav Med. 1995; 18(1): 45-54[PubMed]
  • 32. Rapporto sul fumo in Italia 2013.
  • 33. Toll BA, Salovey P, O'Malley SS, Mazure CM, Latimer A, McKee SA. Message framing for smoking cessation: the interaction of risk perceptions and gender. Nicotine Tob Res. 2008; 10(1): 195-200[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Bock BC, Fava JL, Gaskins R, Morrow KM, Williams DM, Jennings E, et al. Yoga as a complementary treatment for smoking cessation in women. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2012; 21(2): 240-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Perkins KA. Smoking cessation in women. Special considerations. CNS Drugs. 2001; 15(5): 391-411[PubMed]
  • 36. DiClemente CC, Prochaska JO, Fairhurst SK, Velicer WF, Velasquez MM, Rossi JS. The process of smoking cessation: an analysis of precontemplation, contemplation, and preparation stages of change. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1991; 59(2): 295-304[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments