International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction

Published by: Kowsar

Effectiveness of Optimism Skills Group Training: Examination of the Attributional Styles of Boys at the Kerman Juvenile Correction and Rehabilitation Center

Zahra Nikmanesh 1 , * , Yahya Kazemi 1 , Mahvash Raghibi 1 and Marjan Rabani Bavejdan 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, IR Iran
2 Kerman Education Organization, Kerman, IR Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction: July 01, 1970, 1 (2); 61-65
  • Published Online: July 25, 2012
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: February 8, 2012
  • Revised: March 18, 2012
  • Accepted: May 14, 2012
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijhrba.4412

To Cite: Nikmanesh Z, Kazemi Y, Raghibi M, Rabani Bavejdan M. Effectiveness of Optimism Skills Group Training: Examination of the Attributional Styles of Boys at the Kerman Juvenile Correction and Rehabilitation Center, Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 1970 ; 1(2):61-65. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.4412.

Copyright © 2012, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Park N, Peterson C. Positive psychology and character strengths: Application to strengths-based school counseling. Prof School Couns. 2008; 12(2): 85-92[DOI]
  • 2. Seligman ME, Steen TA, Park N, Peterson C. Positive psychology progress: empirical validation of interventions. Am Psychol. 2005; 60(5): 410-21[DOI]
  • 3. Seligman MEP, Reivich K, Jaycox L, Gillham J. The optimistic child: a proven program to safeguard children against depression and build lifelong resilience. 2007;
  • 4. Gray MJ, Pumphrey JE, Lombardo TW. The relationship between dispositional pessimistic attributional style versus trauma-specific attributions and PTSD symptoms. J Anxiety Disord. 2003; 17(3): 289-303[DOI]
  • 5. Park SW, Bauer JJ, Arbuckle NB. Growth motivation attenuates the self-serving attribution. J Res Pers. 2009; 43(5): 914-7[DOI]
  • 6. Roesch SC, Weiner B. A meta-analytic review of coping with illness: do causal attributions matter? J Psychosom Res. 2001; 50(4): 205-19[DOI]
  • 7. Lee Duckworth A, Steen TA, Seligman ME. Positive psychology in clinical practice. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2005; 1: 629-51
  • 8. Kamen LP, Seligman MEP. Explanatory style and health. Curr Psychol. 1987; 6(3): 207-18
  • 9. Buchanan GMC, Gardenswartz CAR, Seligman MEP. Physical health following a cognitive–behavioral intervention. Prev Treat. 1999; 2(1): 10a
  • 10. Jaycox LH, Reivich KJ, Gillham J, Seligman ME. Prevention of depressive symptoms in school children. Behav Res Ther. 1994; 32(8): 801-16[DOI]
  • 11. Sanjuán P, Magallares A. A longitudinal study of the negative explanatory style and attributions of uncontrollability as predictors of depressive symptoms. Pers Individ Diff. 2009; 46(7): 714-8[DOI]
  • 12. Mizrahi R, Addington J, Remington G, Kapur S. Attribution style as a factor in psychosis and symptom resolution. Schizophr Res. 2008; 104(1-3): 220-7[DOI]
  • 13. Isaacowitz DM, Seligman ME. Is pessimism a risk factor for depressive mood among community-dwelling older adults? Behav Res Ther. 2001; 39(3): 255-72[DOI]
  • 14. Aydin G, Aydin O. Learned helplessness and explanatory style in Turkish samples. J Soc Psychol. 1992; 132(1): 117-9[DOI]
  • 15. Abramson LY, Garber J, Edwards NB. Expectancy changes in depression and schizophrenia. J Abnorm Psychol. 1978; 87(1): 102-9
  • 16. Waschbusch DA, Sellers DP, LeBlanc M, Kelley ML. Helpless attributions and depression in adolescents: the roles of anxiety, event valence, and demographics. J Adolesc. 2003; 26(2): 169-83
  • 17. Schultz DP. Teorias de la personalidad/Theories of personality. 2009;
  • 18. Peterson C, Seligman ME. Causal explanations as a risk factor for depression: theory and evidence. Psychol Rev. 1984; 91(3): 347-74[DOI]
  • 19. Nolen-Hoeksema S, Girgus JS, Seligman ME. Learned helplessness in children: A longitudinal study of depression, achievement, and explanatory style. J Pers Soci Psychol. 1986; 51(2): 435
  • 20. Vázquez C, Jiménez F, Saura F, Avia MD. A longitudinal confirmation of the attributional-stress model of depression measuring the importance of the attributions and the impact of the stressor. Pers Individ Diff. 2001; 31(2): 205-14
  • 21. Reeve JM. Understanding Motivation and Emotion.; 2008;
  • 22. Moradi A, Shokri A, Daneshpur Z. Effects of Interpersonal Psychotherapy on Reducing of Youth Depression: A case study. Res Psychol Health. 2007; 1(3): 5-29
  • 23. Revick K. Explanatory Style Hillsdale. 1995;
  • 24. Smith BP, Hall HC, Woolcock-Henry C. The effects of gender and years of teaching experience on explanatory style of secondary vocational teachers. J Vocat Educ Res. 2000; 25(1): 24-31[DOI]
  • 25. Best J. Research methods in behavior science. 1988;
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments