International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction

Published by: Kowsar

Injecting Drug Users Retention in Needle-Exchange Program and its Determinants in Iran Prisons

Mohammad Shahbazi 1 , Marzieh Farnia 2 , Ghobad Moradi 3 , 4 , Mohammadreza Karamati 5 , Fatemeh Paknazar 6 and Majid Mirmohammad Khani 7 , 8 , *
Authors Information
1 United Nations Development Program, Prisons Organization, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Health and Treatment Office of Iranian Prisons Organization, Tehran, IR Iran
3 Social Determinant of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, IR Iran
4 Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, IR Iran
5 Department of Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
6 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health , International Campus, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
7 Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, IR Iran
8 Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, IR Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction: June 01, 2015, 4 (2); e23751
  • Published Online: June 20, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 19, 2014
  • Revised: December 15, 2014
  • Accepted: December 17, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijhrba.23751v2

To Cite: Shahbazi M, Farnia M, Moradi G, Karamati M, Paknazar F, et al. Injecting Drug Users Retention in Needle-Exchange Program and its Determinants in Iran Prisons, Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2015 ; 4(2):e23751. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.23751v2.

Copyright © 2015, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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