International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction

Published by: Kowsar

Epidemiology and Mortality of Burn Injuries in Eastern Iran Since 2009: An Analysis of 2115 Cases

Hossein Ali Danesh 1 , Shima Javanbakht 2 , Mehdi Nourallahzadeh 2 , * , Nour Mohammad Bakhshani 3 , Salehe Danesh 2 , Farzaneh Nourallahzadeh 2 , Fateme Rezaei 2 and Hamidreza Alizadeh Otaghour 4
Authors Information
1 Burn Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran
2 School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran
3 Children and Adolescent Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran
4 Department of Surgery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction: March 31, 2019, 8 (1); e66232
  • Published Online: February 19, 2019
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: April 21, 2016
  • Revised: September 20, 2018
  • Accepted: December 19, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijhrba.66232

To Cite: Danesh H A, Javanbakht S, Nourallahzadeh M, Bakhshani N M, Danesh S, et al. Epidemiology and Mortality of Burn Injuries in Eastern Iran Since 2009: An Analysis of 2115 Cases, Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2019 ; 8(1):e66232. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.66232.

Abstract
Copyright © 2019, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
3. Discussion
Footnotes
References
  • 1. American Burn Association. Burn incidence and treatment in the US: 2007 fact sheet. [cited January 6, 2008]. Available from: http://www.ameriburn.org/resources_factsheet.php.
  • 2. World Health Organization. Disease and injury regional estimates: Case-specific mortality: Regional estimates for 2008. [cited November 14, 2011]. Available from: http://www.eho.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/estimates_regional/en/index.html.
  • 3. Arnoldo B, Klein M, Gibran NS. Practice guidelines for the management of electrical injuries. J Burn Care Res. 2006;27(4):439-47. doi: 10.1097/01.BCR.0000226250.26567.4C. [PubMed: 16819345].
  • 4. World Health Organization. Violence and injury prevention: Burns. [cited November 14, 2011]. Available from: http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/other_injury/burns/en/index.html.
  • 5. Othman N, Kendrick D. Epidemiology of burn injuries in the East Mediterranean Region: A systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:83. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-83. [PubMed: 20170527]. [PubMed Central: PMC2841676].
  • 6. Sharma PN, Bang RL, Ghoneim IE, Bang S, Sharma P, Ebrahim MK. Predicting factors influencing the fatal outcome of burns in Kuwait. Burns. 2005;31(2):188-92. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2004.09.020. [PubMed: 15683691].
  • 7. Chandran A, Hyder AA, Peek-Asa C. The global burden of unintentional injuries and an agenda for progress. Epidemiol Rev. 2010;32:110-20. doi: 10.1093/epirev/mxq009. [PubMed: 20570956]. [PubMed Central: PMC2912603].
  • 8. Panjeshahin MR, Lari AR, Talei A, Shamsnia J, Alaghehbandan R. Epidemiology and mortality of burns in the south west of Iran. Burns. 2001;27(3):219-26. doi: 10.1016/S0305-4179(00)00106-6. [PubMed: 11311514].
  • 9. Taghavi M, Rasouli MR, Boddouhi N, Zarei MR, Khaji A, Abdollahi M. Epidemiology of outpatient burns in Tehran: An analysis of 4813 cases. Burns. 2010;36(1):109-13. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2009.02.011. [PubMed: 19818561].
  • 10. Maghsoudi H, Pourzand A, Azarmir G. Etiology and outcome of burns in Tabriz, Iran. An analysis of 2963 cases. Scand J Surg. 2005;94(1):77-81. doi: 10.1177/145749690509400118. [PubMed: 15865123].
  • 11. Mzezewa S, Jonsson K, Aberg M, Salemark L. A prospective study on the epidemiology of burns in patients admitted to the Harare burn units. Burns. 1999;25(6):499-504. doi: 10.1016/S0305-4179(99)00041-8. [PubMed: 10498357].
  • 12. Olaitan PB, Olaitan JO. Burns and scalds--epidemiology and prevention in a developing country. Niger J Med. 2005;14(1):9-16. [PubMed: 15832636].
  • 13. Anlatici R, Ozerdem OR, Dalay C, Kesiktas E, Acarturk S, Seydaoglu G. A retrospective analysis of 1083 Turkish patients with serious burns. Part 2: Burn care, survival and mortality. Burns. 2002;28(3):239-43. doi: 10.1016/S0305-4179(01)00095-X. [PubMed: 11996854].
  • 14. Afrasiabi Far A, Karimi Z. [Causes and materials of burning among the patient hospitalized in Yasuj Shahid Beheshti Hospital]. Armaghane Danesh. 2002;7(27):39-45. Persian.
  • 15. Mc Lutchie G, Leaper DJ. Oxford handbook of clinical surgery. 4th ed. Oxford University Press; 2013. doi: 10.1093/med/9780199699476.001.0001.
  • 16. Forjuoh SN. Burns in low- and middle-income countries: A review of available literature on descriptive epidemiology, risk factors, treatment, and prevention. Burns. 2006;32(5):529-37. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2006.04.002. [PubMed: 16777340].
  • 17. Nguema PN, Matsiegui PB, Nsafu DN. [Severely burned patients: Epidemiology and treatment (A study of 104 Gabonese cases)]. Sante. 2000;10(1):37-42. French. [PubMed: 10827361].
  • 18. Murphy KD, Lee JO, Herndon DN. Current pharmacotherapy for the treatment of severe burns. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2003;4(3):369-84. doi: 10.1517/14656566.4.3.369. [PubMed: 12614189].
  • 19. Tabiee S, Nakhaee M. [Epidemiology of burn patients in Emam Reza Hospital, Birjand, 1998-2002]. J Sharekord Univ Med Sci. 2004;6(1):43-51. Persian.
  • 20. Ghaderi R, Attaran A. [A review of burn cases seen in Imam Reza Teaching Hospital, Birjand]. J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2003;10(1):9-15. Persian.
  • 21. Rizvi N, Luby S, Azam SI, Rabbani F. Distribution and circumstances of injuries in squatter settlements of Karachi, Pakistan. Accid Anal Prev. 2006;38(3):526-31. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2005.11.010. [PubMed: 16412373].
  • 22. Suzanne CM, Berenda GB, Mary JB. Brunner and suddarths textbook of medical surgical nursing. 12th ed. Philadelphia JB: Lippincot Co; 2010: 1685.
  • 23. Mohammadi R, Ekman R, Svanstrom L, Gooya MM. Unintentional home-related injuries in the Islamic Republic of Iran: Findings from the first year of a national programme. Public Health. 2005;119(10):919-24. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2005.01.012. [PubMed: 15939446].
  • 24. Razzak JA, Luby SP, Laflamme L, Chotani H. Injuries among children in Karachi, Pakistan--what, where and how. Public Health. 2004;118(2):114-20. doi: 10.1016/S0033-3506(03)00147-1. [PubMed: 15037041].
  • 25. Neghab M, Rajaei Fard A, Habibi M, Choobineh A. Home accidents in rural and urban areas of Shiraz, 2000-02. East Mediterr Health J. 2006;12(6):824-33. [PubMed: 17333829].
  • 26. Alaghehbandan R, MacKay Rossignol A, Rastegar Lari A. Pediatric burn injuries in Tehran, Iran. Burns. 2001;27(2):115-8. doi: 10.1016/s0305-4179(00)00083-8.
  • 27. Arshi S, Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Mohammadi R, Soltan Mohammad Zadeh M, Rouhi A, Barak M. Burns comprising 3/4th of home injuries in pre-school children of the rural areas of Ardabil Province, Iran. J Med Sci. 2007;7(2):248-51. doi: 10.3923/jms.2007.248.251.
  • 28. Aghakhani N, Feizi A, Jafarizadeh H, Rahbar N, Sn B, Daneshmandi M. Epidemiological study of childhood burns in Urmia, Iran. Sci J Hamadan Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2012;14(2):34-44.
  • 29. Fardiazar Z, Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Mohammadi R. Domestic injuries and suicide among women of reproductive age in Iran. Int J Gen Med. 2012;5:547-52. doi: 10.2147/IJGM.S31429. [PubMed: 22807643]. [PubMed Central: PMC3396110].
  • 30. Lari AR, Alaghehbandan R, Panjeshahin MR, Joghataei MT. Suicidal behavior by burns in the province of Fars, Iran. Crisis. 2009;30(2):98-101. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910.30.2.98. [PubMed: 19525170].
  • 31. Setoudenejad A, Janghorbani M, Delshad M. [Burning epidemiology in Kerman: 1000 participants]. Kerman Med J. 1994;2(3):128-34. Persian.
  • 32. Alaghehbandan R, Lari AR, Joghataei MT, Islami A, Motavalian A. A prospective population-based study of suicidal behavior by burns in the province of Ilam, Iran. Burns. 2011;37(1):164-9. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2010.04.010. [PubMed: 20634002].
  • 33. Mohammadi AA, Danesh N, Sabet B, Jalaeian H, Mohammadi MK. [Self-burning: A common and tragic way of suicide in Fars Province, Iran]. Iran J Med Sci. 2008;33(2):110-3. Persian.
  • 34. Hasani L, Aghamolei T, Boushehri E, Sabili A. Analysis of hospitalized burned patients in Bandar Abbass, Iran. J Res Health Sci. 2009;9(1):50-3. [PubMed: 23344147].
  • 35. Mirmohammadi SJ, Mehrparvar AH, Jalilmanesh M, Kazemeini K, Delbari N, Mostaghaci M. An epidemiologic survey on burns in Yazd from 2008 till 2009. Acta Med Iran. 2012;50(1):70-5. [PubMed: 22267383].
  • 36. Groohi B, Alaghehbandan R, Lari AR. Analysis of 1089 burn patients in province of Kurdistan, Iran. Burns. 2002;28(6):569-74. doi: 10.1016/S0305-4179(02)00099-2. [PubMed: 12220915].
  • 37. Ahmadi A, Mohammadi R, Stavrinos D, Almasi A, Schwebel DC. Self-immolation in Iran. J Burn Care Res. 2008;29(3):451-60. doi: 10.1097/BCR.0b013e31817112f1. [PubMed: 18388564].
  • 38. Rafii MH, Saberi HR, Hosseinpour M, Fakharian E, Mohammadzadeh M. Epidemiology of pediatric burn injuries in Isfahan, iran. Arch Trauma Res. 2012;1(1):27-30. doi: 10.5812/atr.5295. [PubMed: 24719838]. [PubMed Central: PMC3955937].
  • 39. Peck MD. Epidemiology of burns throughout the world. Part I: Distribution and risk factors. Burns. 2011;37(7):1087-100. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2011.06.005. [PubMed: 21802856].
  • 40. Torabian S, Saba MS. Epidemiology of paediatric burn injuries in Hamadan, Iran. Burns. 2009;35(8):1147-51. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2009.06.194. [PubMed: 19766397].
  • 41. Bazargani HS, Arshi S, Ekman R, Mohammadi R. Prevention-oriented epidemiology of burns in Ardabil provincial burn centre, Iran. Burns. 2011;37(3):521-7. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2010.09.013.
  • 42. Mirmohammadi SJ, Mehrparvar AH, Kazemeini K, Mostaghaci M. Epidemiologic characteristics of occupational burns in Yazd, Iran. Int J Prev Med. 2013;4(6):723-7. [PubMed: 23930193]. [PubMed Central: PMC3733043].
  • 43. Maghsoudi H, Samnia R, Garadaghi A, Kianvar H. Burns in pregnancy. Burns. 2006;32(2):246-50. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2005.10.003. [PubMed: 16448763].
  • 44. Saadat M. Epidemiology and mortality of hospitalized burn patients in Kohkiluye va Boyerahmad province (Iran): 2002-2004. Burns. 2005;31(3):306-9. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2004.10.012. [PubMed: 15774285].
  • 45. Askarian M, Hosseini RS, Kheirandish P, Assadian O. Incidence and outcome of nosocomial infections in female burn patients in Shiraz, Iran. Am J Infect Control. 2004;32(1):23-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2003.03.004. [PubMed: 14755231].
  • 46. Karimi H, Momeni M, Momeni M, Rahbar H. Burn injuries during pregnancy in Iran. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;104(2):132-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2008.10.003. [PubMed: 19022440].
  • 47. Soori H, Naghavi M. Childhood deaths from unintentional injuries in rural areas of Iran. Inj Prev. 1998;4(3):222-4. doi: 10.1136/ip.4.3.222. [PubMed: 9788095]. [PubMed Central: PMC1730396].
  • 48. Soori H, Naghavi M. Deaths from unintentional injuries in rural areas of the Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 1999;5(1):55-60. [PubMed: 10793781].
  • 49. Ahmed M, Shah M, Luby S, Drago-Johnson P, Wali S. Survey of surgical emergencies in a rural population in the northern areas of Pakistan. Trop Med Int Health. 1999;4(12):846-57. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3156.1999.00490.x.
  • 50. Arshi S, Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Mohammadi R, Ekman R, Hudson D, Djafarzadeh H, et al. Prevention oriented epidemiologic study of accidental burns in rural areas of Ardabil, Iran. Burns. 2006;32(3):366-71. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2005.10.026. [PubMed: 16529866].
  • 51. Mohebbi Z, Najafi S, Molazem Z, Setoodeh G. Epidemiology, causes and outcome of burns in women from Southern Iran: 2009-2011. Women Health Bull. 2014;1(2).
  • 52. Sheikhazadi A, Kiani M, Ghadyani MH. Electrocution-related mortality: A survey of 295 deaths in Tehran, Iran between 2002 and 2006. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2010;31(1):42-5. doi: 10.1097/PAF.0b013e3181c213f6. [PubMed: 20213884].
  • 53. Goodarzi M, Reisi-Dehkordi N, Daryabeigi R, Zargham-Boroujeni A. An epidemiologic study of burns: Standards of care and patients' outcomes. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2014;19(4):385-9. [PubMed: 25183980]. [PubMed Central: PMC4145494].
  • 54. Alavi CE, Salehi SH, Tolouei M, Paydary K, Samidoust P, Mobayen M. Epidemiology of burn injuries at a newly established burn care center in rasht. Trauma Mon. 2012;17(3):341-6. doi: 10.5812/traumamon.6991. [PubMed: 24350121]. [PubMed Central: PMC3860622].
  • 55. Aghakhani K, Mohammadi S, Molanaei A, Memarian A, Ameri M. [Epidemiologic study of scald burns in victims in Tehran burn hospital]. Tehran Univ Med J TUMS Pub. 2013;71(7):452-7. Persian.
  • 56. Pour Farzan I, Ettehad GH, Nouri Arabili Z. Surveying the prevalence of causes of burn patients admitted to Fatemi Hospital burn unit in 1387 [dissertation]. Ardabil University of Medical Sciences; 1379.
  • 57. El-Badawy A, Mabrouk AR. Epidemiology of childhood burns in the burn unit of Ain Shams University in Cairo, Egypt. Burns. 1998;24(8):728-32. doi: 10.1016/S0305-4179(98)00097-7. [PubMed: 9915673].
  • 58. Mabrouk A, Maher A, Nasser S. An epidemiologic study of elderly burn patients in Ain Shams University Burn Unit, Cairo, Egypt. Burns. 2003;29(7):687-90. doi: 10.1016/S0305-4179(03)00071-8. [PubMed: 14556726].
  • 59. Maghsoudi H, Gabraely N. Epidemiology and outcome of 121 cases of chemical burn in East Azarbaijan province, Iran. Injury. 2008;39(9):1042-6. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2008.03.019. [PubMed: 18656194].
  • 60. Zarghami M, Khalilian A. Deliberate self-burning in Mazandaran, Iran. Burns. 2002;28(2):115-9. doi: 10.1016/S0305-4179(01)00092-4. [PubMed: 11900933].
  • 61. Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Mohammadi R. Unintentional domestic burns in Iran: Analysis of 125,000 cases from a national register. Burns. 2013;39(6):1304-10. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2013.02.013. [PubMed: 23684319].
  • 62. Lari AR, Alaghehbandan R, Nikui R. Epidemiological study of 3341 burns patients during three years in Tehran, Iran. Burns. 2000;26(1):49-53. doi: 10.1016/S0305-4179(99)00102-3. [PubMed: 10630320].
  • 63. Ekrami A, Hemadi A, Latifi M, Kalantar E. Epidemiology of hospitalized burn patients in Taleghani Hospital during 2003-2007. Bratisl Lek Listy. 2010;111(7):384-8. [PubMed: 20806544].
  • 64. Alaghehbandan R, Lari AR, Joghataei MT, Islami A. The role of marital status, literacy, and urbanity in suicidal behavior by burns in the province of Khorasan, Iran. Community Ment Health J. 2011;47(2):181-5. doi: 10.1007/s10597-010-9297-1. [PubMed: 20130990].
  • 65. Rastegar Lari A, Alaghehbandan R. Epidemiological study of self-inflicted burns in Tehran, Iran. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2003;24(1):15-20. doi: 10.1097/01.BCR.0000045648.85224.4C. [PubMed: 12543986].
  • 66. Maghsoudi H, Adyani Y, Ahmadian N. Electrical and lightning injuries. J Burn Care Res. 2007;28(2):255-61. doi: 10.1097/BCR.0B013E318031A11C. [PubMed: 17351442].
  • 67. Vasei N, Badouhi N, Molavi M, Jahangiri K, Babaei AR. [Index toxic levels in burn patients]. Payesh. 2009;8(3):297-301. Persian.
  • 68. Ahmadi AR, Janbazi SH, Laghaei Z, Ahmadi A, Davarinezhad O, Heydari MB. [Epidemiological study of committed self-inflicted burns admitted to the hospitals of Kermanshah, University of Medical Sciences, Iran (2004-2005)]. Quart J Fund Ment Health. 2006;8(29-30):23-35. Persian.
  • 69. Lari AR, Panjeshahin MR, Talei AR, MacKay Rossignol A, Alaghehbandan R. Epidemiology of childhood burn injuries in Fars province, Iran. J Burn Care Rehabilit. 2002;23(1):39-45. doi: 10.1097/00004630-200201000-00008.
  • 70. Koushyar H, Amouzgar MH, Shakeri MT. [The epidemiology of burns in Mashhad Imam Reza Burn Center (MIRBC)]. Horiz Med Sci. 2004;10(2):43-50. Persian.
  • 71. Ekrami AR, Hemadi A, Kalantar E, Latifi M, Kayedani A. Epidemiology of hospitalized burn patients during 5 years in Khuzestan province, Iran. Arch Clin Infect Dis. 2010;5(1):40-4.
  • 72. Shirkhoda M, Kaviani Far K, Narouie B, Shikhzadeh A, Ghasemi Rad M, Hanfi Bojd H. Epidemiology and evaluation of 1073 burn patients in the southeast of Iran. Shiraz E Med J. 2011;12(1):11-21.
  • 73. Mohammadi AA, Danesh N, Sabet B, Amini M, Jalaeian H. Self-inflicted burn injuries in southwest Iran. J Burn Care Res. 2008;29(5):778-83. doi: 10.1097/BCR.0b013e31818481ac. [PubMed: 18695612].
  • 74. Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Mohammadi R, Svanstrom L, Ekman R, Arshi S, Hekmat S, et al. Epidemiology of minor and moderate burns in rural Ardabil, Iran. Burns. 2010;36(6):933-7. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2009.10.022. [PubMed: 20171014].
  • 75. Askarian M, Hosseini RS, Kheirandish P, Memish ZA. Incidence of urinary tract and bloodstream infections in Ghotbeddin Burn Center, Shiraz 2000-2001. Burns. 2003;29(5):455-9. doi: 10.1016/S0305-4179(03)00061-5. [PubMed: 12880725].
  • 76. Soltani K, Zand R, Mirghasemi A. Epidemiology and mortality of burns in Tehran, Iran. Burns. 1998;24(4):325-8. doi: 10.1016/S0305-4179(98)00017-5. [PubMed: 9688197].
  • 77. Hosseini RS, Askarian M, Assadian O. Epidemiology of hospitalized female burns patients in a burn centre in Shiraz. Eastern Mediterr Health J. 2007;13(1):113-9.
  • 78. Ansari-Moghaddam A, Baghbanian A, Dogoonchi M, Chooban B, Mostaghim-Roudi M, Torkfar G. Epidemiology of burn injuries in south-eastern Iran: A retrospective study. J Pak Med Assoc. 2013;63(12):1476-81. [PubMed: 24397088].
  • 79. Rajabian MH, Aghaei S, Fouladi V. Analysis of survival and hospitalization time for 2057 burn patients in Shiraz, Southwestern Iran. Med Sci Monitor. 2007;13(8):CR353-5.
  • 80. Peck MD, Kruger GE, van der Merwe AE, Godakumbura W, Ahuja RB. Burns and fires from non-electric domestic appliances in low and middle income countries. Part I. The scope of the problem. Burns. 2008;34(3):303-11. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2007.08.014. [PubMed: 18206314].
  • 81. Mathers C. The global burden of disease: 2004 update. World Health Organization; 2008.
  • 82. Peck MD. Epidemiology of burns throughout the World. Part II: Intentional burns in adults. Burns. 2012;38(5):630-7. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2011.12.028. [PubMed: 22325849].

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments