International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction

Published by: Kowsar

Levels of Urine Cotinine from Hookah Smoking and Exposure to Hookah Tobacco Secondhand Smoke in Hookah Lounges and Homes

Nada O F Kassem 1 , * , Noura O Kassem 1 , Sandy Liles 1 , Sheila R Jackson 1 , Alexander Ivan B Posis 1 , Dale A Chatfield 2 and Melbourne F Hovell 1
Authors Information
1 Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health (CBEACH), Graduate School of Public Health, Division of Health Promotion, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, U.S.A.
2 Department of Chemistry, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, U.S.A.
Article information
  • International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction: March 2018, 7 (1); e67601
  • Published Online: February 19, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: August 4, 2016
  • Revised: February 10, 2017
  • Accepted: April 26, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijhrba.67601

To Cite: Kassem N O F, Kassem N O, Liles S, Jackson S R, Posis A I B, et al. Levels of Urine Cotinine from Hookah Smoking and Exposure to Hookah Tobacco Secondhand Smoke in Hookah Lounges and Homes, Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2018 ;7(1):e67601. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.67601.

Abstract
Copyright © 2018, International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
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