International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction

Published by: Kowsar

Hopelessness Scores and Urine Tests in Patients With Methadone Maintenance Therapy

Gamal Sadek 1 , Zack Cernovsky 2 , * and Simon Chiu 2
Authors Information
1 Methadone Clinic, London, Ontario, Canada
2 Department of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
Article information
  • International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction: March 2018, 7 (1); e67612
  • Published Online: February 26, 2018
  • Article Type: Brief Report
  • Received: January 11, 2016
  • Revised: September 9, 2016
  • Accepted: February 25, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijhrba.67612

To Cite: Sadek G, Cernovsky Z, Chiu S. Hopelessness Scores and Urine Tests in Patients With Methadone Maintenance Therapy, Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2018 ; 7(1):e67612. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.67612.

Copyright © 2018, International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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